Futsal European Federation

History & Origins Futsal

Naming

Futsal comes from Spanish fútbol sala or fútbol de salón and from Portuguese futebol de salão. The term is commonly translated as “indoor football” but a more literal translation is “hall/lounge football”. During the sport’s second world championships held in Madrid in 1985, the Spanish name fútbol sala was used. Since then, all other names have been officially and internationally changed to futsal. The naming was due to a dispute between FIFUSA (the predecessor to the AMF) and FIFA over the name of fútbol, FIFUSA has registered the word fut-sal in 1985 (Madrid, Spain). Since then FIFA has also started using the term futsal. The name has been translated into Italian as calcio a 5 or football sala, and French as football de salle.

History

Origins[edit]

“Futsal” started in 1930 when Juan Carlos Ceriani[fr], a teacher in MontevideoUruguay, created a version of indoor football for recreation in YMCAs.[citation needed] This new sport was originally developed for playing on basketball courts,[4] and a rule book was published in September 1933.[citation needed] His goal was to create a team game that could be played indoor or outdoor but that was similar to football, which became quite popular there after Uruguaywon the 1930 World Cup and gold medals in the 1924 and 1928

 

Summer Olympics.

Ceriani, writing the rule book, took as example the principles of football (the possibility to touch the ball with every part of the body except for the hands), but he took rules from other sports too: from basketball the number of team players (five) and the game duration (40 actual minutes); from water polo the rules about the goalkeeper; from team handball for the field and goal sizes.

The YMCA spread the game immediately throughout South America. It was easily played by everyone, everywhere, and in any weather condition, even in winter, without any difficulty, helping players to stay in shape all year round. These reasons convinced João Lotufo, a Brazilian, to bring this game to his country and adapt it to the needs of physical education.[citation needed]

Initially, the rules were not uniform. In 1956, the rules were modified by Habib Maphuz and Luiz Gonzaga de Oliveira Fernandes within the YMCA of São PauloBrazil to allow seniors to compete.[citation needed] Luiz de Oliveira wrote the “Book of Rules of Fuitsal” in 1956, then adopted also at the international level.

In 1965, the Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol de Salón[pt] (South American Futsal Confederation) was formed, consisting of UruguayParaguayPeruArgentina and Brazil.

Shortly after, a unique tournament was organized. It attracted some interest in South American media, which regularly began to follow futsal. In particular, it was the journalist José Antônio Inglêz who passionately contributed to the rapid spread of the game, as well as being credited as the man who coined the name “futsal” to define the sport.

From FIFUSA to AMF

The sport began to spread across South America, and its popularity ensured the formation of a governing body in São Paulo in 1971, under the name of Federación Internacional de Fútbol de Salón (FIFUSA). FIFUSA initially comprised Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, and Uruguay, along with the World Championships. The new institution counted 32 participating countries and its first President was João Havelange joined by the secretary Luiz Gonzaga de Oliveira. In 1975, the Federation’s chief passed to FIFA, and in 1980, Januário D’Alessio Neto was elected to work to make this sport recognized worldwide by supranational bodies.

The first FIFUSA World Championships were held in São Paulo, Brazil, in 1982 with the hosting Brazilian team crowned champions against Paraguay in front of an audience of 12,000 people, with Uruguay placing third. The Federation then began to work to bring the big event to Europe. In 1985, the second futsal World Cup was organized in MadridSpain, where the Brazilian team won again. The event was a success, with a considerable media interest and a huge response from the audience, thanks to the Spanish TV station that filmed the event.

In 1985, Joseph Blatter, at that time secretary of football’s governing body, FIFA, thought it was the right time to enlarge its influence and, therefore, to also deal with indoor football. Knowing that the Federation President João Havelange was the head of FIFUSA from 1971 to 1974, the Swiss decided to summon in Brazil the world governing body of futsal: surprisingly, the Congress voted against the unification. Due to a dispute between FIFA and FIFUSAover the name of fútbol, FIFUSA has registered the word fut-sal in 1985 (Madrid, Spain).

FIFA wanted to promote and spread its own version of indoor football, different from the original one played in the South American countries, but they could not manage to find an agreement with FIFUSA in the Rio de JaneiroCongress in 1989.

On 2 May 1990, the Brazilian federation finally broke away from FIFUSA, and on 25 September, an event in BogotáColombia contributed to the founding of the Confederación Panamericana de Futbol de Salon (PANAFUTSAL) together with ParaguayColombiaMexicoUruguayArgentinaVenezuelaCosta RicaPuerto RicoBoliviaEcuador, the Netherlands AntillesAruba, and Canada.

The conference held in Guatemala in 2000 between members of PANAFUTSAL and FIFA focused on the resolution of the dispute between the two institutions, and also on the achievement of futsal in the pure version that excited many in South America. The signing of the Protocol, however, was not followed by concrete actions, and FIFA kept on promoting its version of futsal. So the PANAFUTSAL decided to create a new worldwide body for the preservation of futsal. In December 2002, the Asociación Mundial de Futsal (AMF) was founded. It is currently composed of 40 national federations and three continental bodies, one of which was FIFS.

In 2002, members of PANAFUTSAL formed AMF, an international futsal governing body independent of FIFA, in reaction to the alleged stagnancy of futsal under FIFUSA.[5] Both FIFA and AMF continue to administer the game.[6]

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